Kassandra holiday map: resorts and beaches in Halkidiki
Kassandra Halkidiki Greece
The whole Kassandra region is heavily wooded with pine forest and olive groves. Inland are vineyards, fertile farmland and citrus orchards. There are springs in several parts of Kassandra, notably at Kriopigi on the east coast, but no rivers, one reason perhaps why the region has more than a dozen Blue Flag beaches as there are no streams to carry pollution.
Halkidiki as a whole is a sloping geological table, rising from the west to the east. So it is in Kassandra that you find most of the plains which are also the most fertile areas of the region. Apart from tourism the main occupations are farming and fishing. The fertile land produces mostly wine, honey, olives and oil.
Halkidiki holiday highlights: things to see in Kassandra
Stalagmites in Petralona Cave
There are several site of historical and educational interest on the Kassandra peninsula. The cave and the anthropological museum of Petralona are a major tourist draw.
The cave was discovered in 1959 and contained a 700,000 years old skull of the Archanthropus, the oldest European ancestor of modern-day man, making the cave famous throughout the world.
In the museum near the cave are Palaeolithic tools and the fossils of animals found in the cave, including those of lions, hyenas, bears, panthers, elephants, rhinoceros, bison, deer and hippopotamus.
The central exhibit is the reconstruction of the area where the skull and bones of Archanthropus were discovered. The museum is open daily from 9am to dusk.
The cave of Petralona is about 800m outside the village and is full of stalagmites and stalactites – well worth a detour if you are in the area.
Nearby is the seaside resort of Nea Moudania and Sivri which hold summer concerts and theatre festivals in the open air amphitheatres.
In the hills nearby are the traditional hamlets of Dionissiou and Zsografou, with low stone cottages that have distinctive peaked roofs and unusual chimneys.
Nea Potidia was built upon the ruins of the ancient Corinthian colony of the same name and here is the canal that was dug and the defensive wall built to separate the peninsula from the mainland.
Also at Nea Fokea is a monastery and a notable Byzantine watchtower dating from 1407.
Highlights at Kallithea include the remains of Doric sanctuary to Zeus Ammon, a Dionysous and Nymphs, small chapel Agios Panteleimon with some very fine murals.>
On Sani beach the south are two well preserved windmills.