The Sithonia region is heavily wooded with steep hills of pine forest and olive groves on the lowland plains. Inland hills have vineyards and citrus orchards. Apart from tourism the main occupations are farming and fishing. The land is fertile and products are mainly grapes, honey and olives.
Sithonia is noted for its honey, most of which is produced in the Nikita area. It is bottled and canned in Polygyros and mainly goes for export. Halkidiki as a whole is a sloping geological table, rising from the west to the east. In Kassandra, to the west, are the low plains while Sithonia is more hilly. It has the Singitic Gulf to the west and the Toronean Gulf to the east. The mountain Itamos or Dragountelis is found in the centre of the peninsula.
There are plenty of interesting places to head for in Sithonia but you will need a rental car or motorbike to see most of them as bus services are few and far between.
In Nikiti there are some notable traditional stone-built homes and nearby are the Paleo-Christian Basilicas of Agios Georgios and Elia. Also worth a visit is the Church of Apostle Pavlos and the Monastery of Evaggelismos. Boats will also take you across to the nearby islet of Kastri.
At the resort of Neos Marmaras is the ruins of the 9th-century settlement of Parthenonas and there are tour boats to see the Roman ruins on the turtle islet of Kelyfos. There are plenty of good walks in this area too, especially Psaria and Itamal Mountain.
The extensive vineyards at Porto Karras also do tours of the winery and it is always pleasant to stroll around the vast marina and check out the expensive boats.
At Toroni are the extensive remains of Toroni Castle and the Paleo-Christian Basilica of Agios Athanasios. It is also worthwhile making a detour to visit the Xiropotamos Monastery in the coastal resort of Sarti.
Nearby, at Sikia, are the ruins of the Ancient Temple and a couple of 19th-century windmills located near the beach. In the north-eastern resort of Vourvourou, there are plenty of boat trips to the many offshore islets that crowd the bay.
Most Sithonia villages have a few bars, cafes and tavernas where you can enjoy a quiet meal or drink. For nightlife, most visitors suggest heading to Neos Marmaras, Nikiti and Sarti, where you will find a number of clubs, bars and music cafes along the shores.
Like most of Greece, Sithonia has an endless string of village festivals throughout the year. They always welcome strangers to these things and it is worth joining in the cultural and religious festivals in the region.
The most notable are at Sykia on June 22 which hosts the Festival of Agia Triada and at Nikiti, famous for its athletic festival 'The Crossing of the Toronean Gulf', which takes place every year in July.
There are major village celebrations in Neos Marmaras on July 27 and on August 15 in Sarti for the Festival Panagia (The Virgin Mary). In September, the village of Porto Koufo hosts a festival called 'The Fishing of the Tuna'.